YORUBA (EFINRIN) HAUSA (DAIDOYA) IGBO (NCHANWU) EDO (ARAMOGBO)
SPECIES O. GRATSSIMUM
Basil is common name to plants of genus Ocimum. Around 35 odd species of basil are found across the world, all differing in plant structure and chemical composition. Basil is considered native to India and south East Asian region. Today they are found in tropical regions of Asia, Africa and Central America. It is believed that colonists brought Basil from India via middle East to Europe and then America.
Holy Basil, native to India has been used traditionally in Ayurveda and references are found in old religious Hindu texts. It is believed by Hindus that Holy Basil is manifestation of Goddess Tulsi and has grown from her ashes.
Basil is considered today as the king of all herbs and derives its aroma and taste due to presence of the strong essential oils present in leaves, roots, stem and seeds of this plant.
HEALTH BENEFITS OF SCENT LEAF (HOLY BASIL).
ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES:– Sent leaf contains bioactive chemicals-flavonoids which have antioxidant properties. Orentin and vicenin are two water soluble flavonoids present in scent leaf.
HOLY BASIL ON RESPIRATORY PROBLEM: – Holy basil has microbial and anti viral effect. Chewing basil leaf cures cough and flu. It helps to mobilize mucous in bronchitis and asthma attacks. A mixture of leaves with honey and ginger is an effective remedy against bronchitis, asthma, influenza and cold. Basil contains vital compounds like vitamin C, Camphene and Eugenol which have properties as decongestant. It helps in healing lung damage due to smoking or tuberculosis.
AIDS DIGESTION: – Basil aids digestion. The tea is good for indigestion, vomiting and nausea. It has been used as carminative and helps relieve flatulence, constipation and stomach disorders. It has anti- parasitic effect and can be used to treat intestinal worms.
ANTI MICROBIAL ACTION: – Studies has shown that Scent leaf has anti microbial action and is effective in controlling growth of bacteria and virus. Crushed basil leaves can be applied on fungal infection as cure. Oils in Basil serve as a natural insecticide and insect repellent. It also acts as odor neutralizer.
BASIL PROTECTS THE KIDNEY:– Basil leaves have protective effect on kidney. It helps to prevent kidney stones. Basil leaves juice with honey is a nature cure for kidney stone. Its detoxifying effect helps removal of uric acid from the body which is the prime cause of kidney stone. Basil seeds are also beneficial in treating bladder problems.
BASIL LEAVES AND THE HEART:– Chewing basil leaves helps to reduce risk of heart disorders. Basil leaves contains essential bioactive chemicals which offer protective effect for heart and helps reduce heart disorders. It reduces blood cholesterol level. Vitamin C, Vitamin A and Eugenol are believed to offer strong antioxidant effect which helps protect heart from free radicals. Regular consumption of basil leaves also helps to reduce high blood pressure.
RELIEF OF STRESS:– Basil leaves acts as anti-stressor. Drinking basil leave extract daily calms the nerves and relieves stress. Chewing ten to twelve (10-12) a raw leaf daily helps prevent stress and offers healthy living.
BASIL AS PAIN KILLER:– One of the health benefits of basil is that it helps relieve pain. Compounds in basil ease inflammation. It is effective in treatment of ulcers, cuts, bruises and wounds. Drinking herbal basil tea is home remedy for headache and migraine.
HOLY BASIL AND TEETH DISORDER: – With its anti microbial action, basil leaves juice can be used as mouth wash. It works as a very good mouth freshener and oral disinfectant. It helps relieve pain in the case of toothache and it also cures mouth ulcers.
BASIL AND HEALTHY EYE:– Basil leaves offer sufficient quantity of vitamin A and vitamin K which are good for the eyes.
ANTI- CANCER PROPERTIES OF HOLY BASIL:– Current research has brought out some of the health benefits of basil in terms of curing and preventing cancer. Various bioactive chemicals in basil are effective in the treatment of cancers and tumors.
HOLY BASIL AND HEALTH OF NERVOUS SYSTEM: – Basil serves as tonic to nervous system and enhances brain health and memory. Drinking basil leaves juice helps in curing dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. It strengthens memory and concentration. It serves as antioxidant in protecting brain tissues from free radicals. It also helps in regulating enzyme and hormonal balance in the body.
BASIL AS ANTIDOTE FOR INSECT BITE: – Basil is effective in relieving insect bite and pain. Rubbing fresh basil leaf on bitten region, quickly offers relief.
BASIL LEAVES AND SMOKING: – Drinking basil leaf tea helps to quit smoking and also relieves the urge of smoking.
BASIL LEAVES AND THE SKIN: – Basil leaves with its antioxidant properties is considered good for the skin. It helps to make the skin look younger. It also helps in curing various skin disorders like acne, pimple, fungal infections, itching, skin irritation etc.
BASIL AND DIABETES: – The leaf of basil is often use to control blood sugar and is useful in treatment of diabetes. Chewing basil leaves helps to keep blood sugar in control.
Basil is good for women. It is found good in treating menstrual irregularities and fertility due to its high content of Vitamin E and antioxidants.
Holy Basil is believed to add more oxygen to atmosphere and purification of air around the house. I will advise you to plant scent leaf around your house in order to enjoy the many benefits it offers.
CULINARY USES: – Scent leaf add flavor and taste to our food. I prefer using scent leaf than other food flavors for my dishes. Why not join me and discover the superb taste and flavor of Scent leaf. You can dry the leaves under a shade, blend and keep in a bottle for use when necessary.